NParks Introduces Guidelines for the Use of Antibiotics in Companion Animals to Combat Antimicrobial Resistance

Locally, an analysis of diagnostic reports from 2014 to 2016 found that almost half of the bacteria isolated from sick pets were multidrug-resistant. This and other findings highlighted in the guidelines give an indication of the prevalence of antimicrobial resistance in companion animals here.

In addition, transmission of resistant bacteria or their resistance genes can occur between humans and animals.

Efforts to tackle this began earlier with a national strategic action plan on antimicrobial resistance released in 2017. The 157-page guidelines for the prudent use of antimicrobials in companion animals are part of the plan. ‘action.

It includes specific recommendations on when antibiotics should be prescribed for various animal species, the choice and duration of antibiotic treatment, effective ways to improve understanding and awareness of antibiotic use among drug owners. ‘animal or animal keepers, as well as good hygiene and biosecurity measures to minimize the risk of the spread of antimicrobial resistance in clinics.

Dr Brian Loon, senior veterinarian at Amber Vet and a member of the prudent use guidelines working group, said antimicrobial resistance is an imminent threat.

He said there is now a tendency for pet owners to feed their animals raw food and often use meat intended to be cooked and eaten by humans.

“These meats can contain bacteria such as Salmonella, E. coli; these are the same bacteria that cause food poisoning in humans and I have seen a trend where our pets are also infected with it,” he said. he declares.

“The risk is that the animals can then carry it and pass it on to the pet owners.”

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